Ti binni ruyubi, beyond binaries and median points: Methodological reflections on brownness in the field and intersectional reflexivity

Rodrigo Perez Toledo, L. L. Wynn


Using theoretical debates about how to deploy reflexivity in ethnographic research to contextualize anthropological knowledge, this article begins with an awkward encounter between an anthropologist from the Global South and a research participant to reflect on some of the intersectional complexities of identity and relationality when an ethnographer of color does fieldwork within a community of color: in this case, a brown-skinned Mexican researching same-sex attracted Chinese men in Australia. Following Indigenous anthropologists’ calls for more locally grounded frameworks and methodologies, we propose the Diidxazá term binni ruyubi (“person who searches”) to extend concepts of reflexivity beyond the Western/native, insider/outsider, and other binaries and median points, to give a more complex account of intersectional reflexivity, one that attends to the interaction between identity and background characteristics including skin tone, Indigeneity, sociocultural background, language, sexuality, economic status, and colonial histories in Westernized universities.

Full Text:


DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/725384